For example, in March, China provided a remote-sens

sing monitor report on flooding in Iran via Fengyun. The analysis estimated the coverage and

terrain characteristics of the flooded area, which greatly assisted the country’s evacuation efforts.

China has launched 17 Fengyun series meteorological satellites, of which seven are currently operational.

The World Meteorological Organization has included China’s Fengyun se

ries of meteorological satellites as a major element of its global Earth observation system.

ountries should work together for a better future in today’s world that is globaliz

ed and multipolar, Javier Solana, former secretary-general of NATO, said in an interview with China Daily.

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Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

akes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese are much better off than they were even 10 ye

ars ago. But it does mean that these low-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US t

ariffs on such products will only serve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

Roughly 20 years ago, when China’s admission to the World Trade Organiz

ation was being negotiated, China’s economy was tiny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-deve

loped country that, except in a few areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.

As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a dev

eloping country may need to protect its “infant industries” from already established foreign

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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he scholars suggested that authorities such as th

 National Health Commission should monitor all gene-editing centers and IVF clinics in China to ensure trials are in line with regulations.

A national registry dedicated to clinical trials involving cell technologies should be established to pro

mote greater transparency, they said, so that before a trial begins scientists would need to pass an

ethics review and provide a list of names of all participating scientists and institutions.

Universities and research institutes should strengthen education and

training in bioethics and scientific and medical professionalism, covering research sci

entists and students of science, medicine and the humanities at all levels, they said.

In addition, more efforts should be undertaken to eliminate prejudice against people wi

th disabilities, which exists in the minds of some scholars, they said. Following the gene-edited baby incid

ent, government departments have vowed to improve supervision, and new regulations are being made or revised.

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The meeting on Sunday decided on further steps to

 identify unwarranted certification items for abolition and list all certification items deemed ne

cessary. At the same time, work to establish a pre-commitment qualification system will be intensified.

“The reform of the qualification system is part and parcel of our efforts to build a credit-based society. Without a fully fledg

ed credit-based society, our business environment will not see significant improvements,” Li said.

It was decided at the meeting that the practice of pre-commitment of qualification will be piloted in 13 pro

vinces and municipalities, including Tianjin, Liaoning, Shanghai, Guangdong, Sichuan and Shaanxi, and in five mi

nistries-the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Justice, the Minist

ry of Human Resources and Social Security, the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Transport.

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Embrace exhibition through greener lifestyle at the

The Beijing International Horticultural Exhibition opened just two days before the May holiday, giving

the public a close-up view of state-of-the-art gardens created by horticulturists from around the world.

China hosted a similar exhibition in Kunming, Yunnan province, in 1

999. In the two decades since, the social and economic situations in China have unde

rgone tremendous changes. A growing awareness of environmental protection is one of them.

Two decades ago, the Chinese people embraced the Kunming horticu

ltural show as a novelty and curiosity because the countr

y at that time did not have many opportunities to host large international gatherings.

Economic development at the time was the top priority of the country,

which explains why the news media were so interested in reporting that 15 billion yu

an ($2.23 billion) in economic and trade deals were inked during the exhibition.

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Unlike the second version, the latest one included rule

on the new science and technology innovation board, which will pilot the registration-based IPO system, according to Xinhua.

To accommodate the progress of reforms and development of the capital market, other modifications have also been made, cov

ering public issuance of securities, securities trading, and the protection of investors’ rights and interests, Xinhua said.

Dong expects the latest version to legitimize registration-based IPO systems not only

on the new board, but also across China’s whole A-share market. “Once the system achieves success on the n

ew board, it should be adopted on other submarkets as soon as possible,” Dong said.

President Xi Jinping announced in November that China will launch the S&T innovation board and pilot the registr

ation-based IPO system. Analysts expect the new board to begin trading around the middle of this year.

“The latest draft is expected to make comprehensive revisions, and it could go a long way

toward restoring public investors’ confidence and modernizing the regulation and governance of the ca

pital market,” said Liu Junhai, director of the Business Law Center at Renmin University of China.

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A large number of Chinese cultural heritage sites are b

eing restored as well. We have no room for even the slightest error,” Song said.

Liu Qingzhu, a cultural heritage expert at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said, “In anci

ent times, thunderstorms were the biggest threats for wooden architecture. They became much safer after l

ighting rods were widely installed. However, the use of electricity in restorations has created a new problem.”

Unlike the stone structures of much ancient architecture in the W

est, wood was the primary building material in ancient China. “If a fire similar to the one at Notre

Dame in Paris happened at a Chinese building, the whole building would probably burn down,” Liu said.

Hours after the fire in Paris, the Palace Museum in

Beijing, China’s former imperial palace from 1420 to 1911 and also known as the Forbidden City, held an eme

rgency meeting to go over its fire-prevention efforts. It is the world’s biggest architectural complex made of wood.

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Tu Liangcheng, one of the leading scientists of the Tia

nqin project, said that the project has been going smoothly.

“So far nearly 200 Chinese scientists from more than 30 dome

stic research institutions and universities and about 30 researchers from at l

east eight other countries-including Russia, Italy, Germany and France-have participated in the pr

oject,” said Tu, who is also director of the gravitation center at the Wuhan university.

Shen Zhiqiang, head of the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, and a membe

r of the EHT team, said the success of the first black hole image has encouraged Chinese scientists to engage in mo

re international collaboration and boost the country’s ability in studying deep space.

Chinese scientists participated in Hawaii and Spain in the observations

that yielded the black hole image. They were highly involved in follow-up data analysis and th

eoretical explanation throughout the two years that followed the five-day observations in April 2017.

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