Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

akes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese are much better off than they were even 10 ye

ars ago. But it does mean that these low-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US t

ariffs on such products will only serve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

Roughly 20 years ago, when China’s admission to the World Trade Organiz

ation was being negotiated, China’s economy was tiny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-deve

loped country that, except in a few areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.

As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a dev

eloping country may need to protect its “infant industries” from already established foreign

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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Hospital head removed after 5 infants diern Medical Univers

Investigators criticize lax management, failure to control enterovirus outbreak

Liu Ruilin, Party secretary and president of Shunde Hospital of Southern Medical University, has been

removed from his positions after five babies died and 14 fell ill during an enterovirus outbreak at the hospital.

The five newborns who died had other underlying diseases, such as pneumonia, before c

ontracting the virus, according to a statement from the Guangdong Health Commission on Saturday.

Thirteen of the sick babies have been discharged from the hospital, w

hile the other one continues to be treated and is in a stable condition, the commission said.

An investigation determined that the case became serious because

of the combination of the intestinal virus with lax hospital management.

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he scholars suggested that authorities such as th

 National Health Commission should monitor all gene-editing centers and IVF clinics in China to ensure trials are in line with regulations.

A national registry dedicated to clinical trials involving cell technologies should be established to pro

mote greater transparency, they said, so that before a trial begins scientists would need to pass an

ethics review and provide a list of names of all participating scientists and institutions.

Universities and research institutes should strengthen education and

training in bioethics and scientific and medical professionalism, covering research sci

entists and students of science, medicine and the humanities at all levels, they said.

In addition, more efforts should be undertaken to eliminate prejudice against people wi

th disabilities, which exists in the minds of some scholars, they said. Following the gene-edited baby incid

ent, government departments have vowed to improve supervision, and new regulations are being made or revised.

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The meeting on Sunday decided on further steps to

 identify unwarranted certification items for abolition and list all certification items deemed ne

cessary. At the same time, work to establish a pre-commitment qualification system will be intensified.

“The reform of the qualification system is part and parcel of our efforts to build a credit-based society. Without a fully fledg

ed credit-based society, our business environment will not see significant improvements,” Li said.

It was decided at the meeting that the practice of pre-commitment of qualification will be piloted in 13 pro

vinces and municipalities, including Tianjin, Liaoning, Shanghai, Guangdong, Sichuan and Shaanxi, and in five mi

nistries-the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Justice, the Minist

ry of Human Resources and Social Security, the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Transport.

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Embrace exhibition through greener lifestyle at the

The Beijing International Horticultural Exhibition opened just two days before the May holiday, giving

the public a close-up view of state-of-the-art gardens created by horticulturists from around the world.

China hosted a similar exhibition in Kunming, Yunnan province, in 1

999. In the two decades since, the social and economic situations in China have unde

rgone tremendous changes. A growing awareness of environmental protection is one of them.

Two decades ago, the Chinese people embraced the Kunming horticu

ltural show as a novelty and curiosity because the countr

y at that time did not have many opportunities to host large international gatherings.

Economic development at the time was the top priority of the country,

which explains why the news media were so interested in reporting that 15 billion yu

an ($2.23 billion) in economic and trade deals were inked during the exhibition.

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In the years since, the country has continued to maint

tain a breakneck pace of economic development, which has brought booming economic prosperity.

Unfortunately, it has also brought a deteriorating environment. Seeing heavy smog, for ex

ample, many people feel that a worsening environment will destroy the happiness brought by economic growth.

Since 2012, the new leadership under President Xi Jinping has put forward a series of ecol

ogical ideas. On Sunday, Xi said at the opening ceremony of the exhibition that “green mountains and cle

ar waters are indeed mountains of gold and silver, and environmental improvement means great productivity”.

This idea, dubbed the theory of two mountains, enjoys immense popular support in China.

Xi, who is also general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party o

f China, urged officials at all levels never to sacrifice the environment for economic growth.

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In 2018, Huawei spent $15.3 billion on technology R&D

ranking in fourth place following Samsung, Google’s parent Alphabet and Amazon. Data als

o showed the company took 14 percent of its annual sales on research last year, the second-highest after Alphabet.

Huawei’s R&D spending totaled 480 billion yuan ($71.3 billion) over the past 10 years, ac

cording to its annual report. Besides, the tech behemoth achieved 721.2 billion yuan in global sales in 2018, a 19.5

percent increase year-on-year, and net profit reached 59.3 billion yuan, up 25.1 percent compared with a year earlier.

Smartphone sales from the company gained 348.9 billion yuan las

t year, a 45.1 percent rise year-on-year accounting for 48.4 percent of total revenue.

As of April 15, Huawei has secured 40 commercial contracts for 5G equipment and shi

pped over 70,000 5G base stations, the company announced at its annual Global Analyst Summit.

www.weilutu.cn

he bill establishes a technical assistance mechanism bet

tween law enforcement departments, intelligence agencies and

private institutions. In short, it authorizes Australia’s national law enforcement to issu

e mandatory “Technical Assistance Notices”, “Technical Capability Notices” and “Computer Access and Assistance Ord

ers” to all communication providers. Upon receiving the notification and instruction, the communication provider mu

st undertake a number of activities, for example, decrypting specific communications, installing specific softw

are on the network, modifying or replacing services, providing assistance in accessing facilities, and providing sour

ce code, third-party provider profiles, network device encryption schemes, and more.

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